Here are tests adult men should regularly test for:
a) Cholesterol Screening
Low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) and high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) are two types of cholesterol. High cholesterol occurs when LDL levels accumulate on the inner linings of arteries, blocking blood flow. This increases the risk of heart attacks, high blood pressure, and strokes.
Although people struggling with obesity, or who are overweight, are at a higher risk, lean and skinny people have also been diagnosed with high cholesterol. You should get screened for cholesterol regularly beginning in your thirties if your family has a history of heart disease; however, you can begin having this test done in your twenties if you desire.
b) Blood pressure check
Hypertension is a condition that requires long-term treatment. Early detection may help reduce risks of other illnesses, especially heart disease. If you rarely see the doctor, commit to getting your blood pressure checked at least once in two years.
c) Digital rectal exam (DRE) for prostate cancer
You may opt for an inexpensive blood test to detect prostate cancer. Although the test has been criticized for causing many false positives, you can use it as a precursor to a more conclusive test.
Traditionally, tests for prostate cancer were recommended only for men over 50 years of age. Now more men in their 40s have been diagnosed with the disease and it is advisable to get tested early. If you are in your late 30s, you should have your first test and regularly after that.
Colorectal cancer is among the top five leading causes of cancer deaths in men. However, death rates are higher because it is only detected at later stages.
A colonoscopy is a noninvasive procedure that can detect precancerous polyps, which are treatable and can be removed before they become malignant if detected in time. The test is painless and takes up to 30 minutes to complete.
e) Testicular cancer screening
Most common among young men aged 18–35, testicular cancer can be detected early with simple examinations by a doctor.
f) Diabetes screening
Diabetes is an increasing problem for young men. Left untreated, it can lead to serious health issues. It’s therefore essential to be screened early on, especially if you have a family history of diabetes or are overweight.
Don’t dismiss the constant thirst, fatigue, increased hunger, and other signs that your blood sugar levels may be fluctuating sharply.
g) Eye exam
Eye problems often develop over time. That’s why it’s important to ensure you get an eye exam while in your 20s so that you can start managing any conditions early.
h) Tests for depression and anxiety
When you’re an adult, you may have a lot to handle—work, school, relationships, etc. It’s important to watch for signs of depression and other serious mental illnesses because they can sneak up on you and cause issues if you don’t treat them early.
If you’re feeling sad, low on motivation, or lacking interest in things that used to give you pleasure, this may be a sign of depression. See a professional for a screening and guidance.
i) Screening for sexually transmitted diseases
Remember that, if you’re sexually active, it’s important to see a healthcare provider for regular STD screenings. This includes HIV tests, even if you use protection. If you are in a committed relationship, look for facilities that offer guidance on reproductive health and visit with your partner.